The name “Bassa” identifies the Friuli plains extending towards the Adriatic, beginning more or less from the so-called Stradalta (just a bit south of the present-day Strada Napoleonica), namely below the line of resurgences from which rivers or streams or simply natural springs often originate, contributing to shaping the largely anthropic landscape. There are several protected areas, with important patches of woods of the plains. The plenty of water, the fertility of pedologically different soils, the presence of rivers (Tagliamento, Stella, Turgnano, Corno, Ausa, Torre, Isonzo, etc.), the closeness to the sea, in particular to the Marano lagoon which, together with the Grado lagoon creates one of the most enchanting natural landscapes in Italy, all these features have since ancient times invited human settlements and activities, although in the past the development of the area was often hindered by the excess of water and lack of regimentation (see the fall of the Roman Empire). Since ancient times, the “Bassa” has been an area of passage, exchange, communication, work opportunities but, in times of crisis, sadly it has also been the target of incursions, devastations, invasions and poverty, and therefore also the people living here are of different origins: although the Friulian roots prevail, there are also Venetian and Slav people, as well as from other Italian regions, all of them, nonetheless, the bringers of new ideas, even though, in town planning and art for example, some differences are evident between the so-called eastern and the western “Bassa”. Almost four hundred years of Hapsburg rule, ended in 1915, have left deep marks, but such rule was differently received by the substantially Venetian part of the area (until the Treaty of Campoformido in 1797) and Italian area (since 1866), and on the whole these factors have left here the highest concentration of artistic elements, thus more and more developing the tourist vocation of the area.